Networking, in the context of computer science and information technology, refers to the practice of connecting computers, servers, mainframes, network devices, peripherals, or other devices to exchange data and share resources. It encompasses both the physical (hardware) and logical (software) aspects of connections between devices. The primary goal of networking is to enable the sharing of data and resources, thereby improving efficiency and accessibility within and across computing environments. Networks can vary in size, ranging from simple local area networks (LANs) connecting a few devices in a single office, to complex wide area networks (WANs) spanning multiple geographic locations around the globe. Networking technologies and protocols facilitate communication and data transfer across these connections, adhering to standardized rules to ensure reliable and secure information exchange.